I am currently working on a global history of dengue fever. Dengue is a viral disease transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes, and most commonly by Aedes aegypti. Reports of dengue date from the 18th century, with sporadic epidemics occurring in parts of Asia, Africa, and North America over the course of the 19th and early 20th centuries. Dr. Benjamin Rush provided a detailed description of what is believed to have been a major dengue fever outbreak in Philadelphia in 1780. The broader global expansion of dengue began in Southeast Asia after World War II and soon reached around the globe. By 2005, dengue had become the most important mosquito-borne viral disease affecting humans; its global distribution comparable to that of malaria, with an estimated 2.5 billion people living in areas at risk for epidemic transmission. 50-100 million cases of Dengue occur worldwide each year, 200,000-500,000 of which are DHF. The study will examine the emergence and global spread of dengue, with special attention to the complex set of biological, environmental, social and economic conditions that facilitated its rapid global expansion during the last decades of the 20th century. It will also explore efforts to understand and control the disease.
Randall M. Packard
Professor, joint appointment with History of Medicine
Research Interests: Social history of disease and healing in Africa, history of public health, history of colonial and post-colonial medicine
Education: PhD, University of Wisconsin
The Making of a Tropical Disease, a Short History of Malaria, Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007.
White Plague, Black Labor: The Political Economy of Health and Diseases in South Africa. Berkeley, University of California Press, 1989.
Chiefship and Cosmology: A study of Political Competition. Bloomington, Indiana University Press, 1981.
Co-Editor, Emerging Illnesses and Society, Negotiating the Public Health, Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004.
with Fred Cooper, International Development and the Social Sciences: Essays in the Politics and History of Knowledge, Berkeley, University of California Press, 1997.
“’Roll Back Malaria, Roll in Development’? Reassessing the Economic Burden of Malaria,” Population and Development Review 35 (2009), 53-87.
“The History of the Social Determinants of Health in Africa,” in Harold J Cook, Sanjoy Bhattacharya, Anne Hardy, eds. History of the Social Determinants of Health. Global Histories, Contemporary Debates (Orient Black Swan, 2009), pp. 42-77.
“’Malaria Blocks Development’ Revisited: The Role of Disease in the History of Agricultural Development in the Eastern and Northern Transvaal Lowveld, 1890-1960,” Journal of Southern African Studies 27 (2001), 591-612.
"Postcolonial Medicine," in Medicine in the 20th Century, ed Roger Cooter and John Pickstone, eds. Harwood Academic Publishers, London, 2000.
"No Other Logical Choice": Global Malaria Eradication and the Politics of International Health, Parassitologia 40 (June 1998), 217-230
"Visions of Postwar Health and Development and their Impact on Public Health Interventions in the Developing World," in F. Cooper and R.M. Packard, eds. International Development and the Social Sciences. Berkeley, University of California Press, 1997, pp. 93-118
"Malaria Dreams: Postwar Visions of Health and Development in the Third World" Medical Anthropology 17 (1997), 279-296.
with Peter Brown, "Rethinking Health, Development, and Malaria: Historicizing a Cultural Model in International Health", Medical Anthropology 17 (1997), 181-194.
with Paulo Gadelha, "A Land Filled with Mosquitoes: Frederick Soper, the Rockefeller Foundation and the Anopheles Gambia Invasion of Brazil, 1932-1939," Parassitologia 36 (1994), 197- 214.
"The Invention of the 'Tropical Worker': Medical Research and the Quest for Central African Labor on the South African Gold Mines. 1903-1936", Journal of African History 34 (1993)
with Paul Epstein, MD., "Epidemiologists, Social Scientists and Structure of Medical Research on AIDS in Africa", Social Science and Medicine 33 (1991), 771-794.
"Industrialization, Rural Poverty and Tuberculous in South Africa, 1870-1960." in S. Feierman and J. Ansen", The Social Basis of Health and Healing in Africa. Berkeley, University of California Press, 1992.